Bulk Cargo refers to cargo (such as grains, ores, coal, sugar, and petroleum products) that is not unitized and is handled using traditional methods during loading and unloading. Because bulk cargo is not packaged, it is typically loaded directly into a ship's cargo hold or a tanker truck or railcar.
The transportation of bulk cargo requires specialized equipment and handling techniques. For example, ships that transport bulk cargo may be designed with large cargo holds and conveyor systems to load and unload the cargo efficiently. Similarly, tanker trucks and railcars used to transport bulk liquids may have specialized pumps and hoses to load and unload the cargo quickly and safely.
One of the main advantages of transporting bulk cargo is that it can be more cost-effective than transporting the same amount of goods in individual packages. This is because bulk cargo can be loaded and unloaded more quickly and efficiently, and it may require less packaging and handling. However, transporting bulk cargo also requires careful planning and management to ensure that the cargo is loaded and transported safely, and that it is not damaged or contaminated during transit.
Source : ChatGPT